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luke 13:7 9 meaning

i., p. 48. And if it bears fruit, well. affirmative and also a negative command, by which it is the more forbidden that any tree It appears that the owner had given it three years in order to see if its fruitless condition was permanent. Then the tree becomes abundantly fruitful." 1451. We offer Lutheran sermons, Bible classes, parents helps, biblical counseling, life helps, services, Lutheran guidance, spiritual growth, Christian support, a family atmosphere. cumbereth — not only doing no good, but wasting ground. Does not our Lord refer to such a custom? If so the nation was allowed to survive near forty years after the voice of the intercessor had surrendered and ceased on earth. They boasted of their strict religiosity and their works-based piety, which was an abomination in the sight of the Lord - yet failed to produce the fruit of righteousness He demanded - they refused to act justly, to love mercy and to walk humbly before God. Luke 13:7-9 King James Version (KJV). 10 And they that were sent, returning to the house, found the servant whole that had been sick. There are many things in this life that I consider tempting. The Authorized Version omits this "also", though it stands in the Greek text. three years — a long enough trial for a fig tree, and so denoting probably just a sufficient period of culture for spiritual fruit. Cut it down. He knew He would come to His own people to claim His rightful position as King but would not be received - BUT God had to fulfil His promises to the patriarchs, which is why much of Christ's early teaching was only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Vine-dresser. Besides being barren in itself, it also injures the soil. Repent or Perish. Luke 13:7. Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing, Resting In Him (Easter Reflections - (10). 6-9 This parable of the barren fig-tree is intended to enforce the warning given just before: the barren tree, except it brings forth fruit, will be cut down. 11 And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself. The vinedresser (τον αμπελουργον — ton ampelourgon). Why does it also act as a burden on the ground?”. Though this parable was originally meant of the Jews, it may be applied to men in every age; for it … See the Preface to this Gospel. Luke 13:6. The objection to this, that the cutting down ought then to have taken place at the end of τοῦτο τὸ ἔτος, does not apply; for all is left indefinite in the request and the implied answer. Figure of speech Asterismos. I refer to cap. 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, *. It concerns the interpretation of Zechariah 13:7-9: “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate,” Declares the Lord of hosts. Luke 13:7. Every man is allowed a certain time of trial, during which he enjoys the means and helps necessary to holiness. Many of Christ’s parables painted a picture Israel’s disobedience; their hardness of heart and the rejection of their Messiah. We are meditating on the long journey from Galilee to Jerusalem and which takes almost half of Luke’s Gospel, from chapter 9 to chapter 19 (Lk 9:51 to 19:28). 7. If the writer has added it on his own authority, he probably referred to the place above mentioned. Jarchi, Maimon. 7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? Satan sought t… But this we do know.. that God in His mercy has continued to pour out 2000 years of grace upon grace since that day - on a world that deserves His righteous punishment. There is something very like this in the Γεωπονικα, or De Re Rustica of the ancient Greek writers on agriculture. Seeking fruit—The master seeks, and seeks from season to season. The texts add aph" hou = from which, or since (three years). [7] So he said to the man who took care of the vineyard, `For three years now I've been coming to look for fruit on this fig tree and haven't found any. Why does it even use up the ground? He will commit positive sin, and produce positive evil and destruction. cut it down = cut it out: i.e. The visits of God are secret and unrecognized, though they be ever recurring. Heavenly Father, thank You for giving me an understanding of Your word and help me learn even more from parables like the fruitless fig tree. Some think Christ here refers to the three years of his public ministry, which he had now gone through among the Jews with little success; but he seems rather to allude to the nature of fig trees, which, if fruitful, bear in three years time; for even בנות שוח, "a sort of white figs", which are the longest before they bring forth fruit to perfection, yet their fruit is ripe in three years time. We do not know. But it has already been remarked that St. Luke never studies chronological arrangement. The cultivator of the vineyard. 7 Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? Is there more than one way this can be understood to mean the keeper of the vineyard to be a sole pastor? By Pastor Vince Gerhardy Another year has almost gone and we are on the brink of another! - The word “cumber” here means to render “barren” or “sterile.” By taking up the juices of the earth, this useless tree rendered the ground sterile, and prevented the growth of the neighboring vines. It bears repeating that Jesus does not explain the causes of violence that nature and human beings regularly inflict upon unsuspecting people. 8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: 9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. "Bean straw (manure of that material), scattered about the roots of the tree, will make it fruitful." & Bartenora in Misn. Luk 13:9 And if it bears fruit, well; and if not, then after that you shall cut it down. Luke writes: Luke 14:1 On one occasion when Jesus was going to the house of a leader of the Pharisees to eat a meal on the sabbath, they were watching him closely. But God asks, "Are you fit to live?" For the sinner can never sin by omission alone. Behold, these three years I come — See how long I have waited, even three years past, in vain, and still this fig-tree is entirely barren: cut it down; why should it any longer take up the place of better plants, and draw away the fructifying juices of my ground, which might be profitable to other trees? And walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it multiplied. But the time is uncertain (see above). Sheviith, fol. The master comes not merely once a year, but again and again within the year, at the seasons when fruit may be found on a fig tree (Hahn). He knew Jesus would be despised by the Jews and crucified on a Roman cross. There may be no fruit; there may be leaves; there may be the leafless branch; in either case he departs in sorrowful disappointment. x., p. 773; edit. Knowing that the vineyard's owner had every reason to be disappointed with the barren tree, the keeper intercedes for the tree's life, asking for another year. If by the owner of the vineyard is meant God the Father, then by the dresser of the vineyard Jesus Christ is intended; but as he seems rather designed by the owner, the vinedresser, or "the gardeners", as the Persic version reads, in the plural number, may signify the ministers of the word, to whom Christ, who is Solomon's antitype, lets out his vineyard to dress and cultivate it, and to keep the fruit of it; see Song of Solomon 8:11. behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none; or "behold, there are three years since I came"; so read the Vulgate Latin and Persic versions, and Beza's most ancient copy. We need to connect this parable to what precedes it and with Jesus' calling of the Jews to repentance.Christ gives it to illustrate God's dealings with Israel and their wickedness despite all His kindness. I come and come and am always disappointed. . It is commonly rendered by “bring to nought,” or some like phrase. Answer: Jesus told the Parable of the Fig Tree—Luke 13:6-9—immediately after reminding His listeners of a tower over the pool of Siloam (John 9:7) which unexpectedly fell and killed eighteen people. A Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod(WELS) congregation and school in Alma, MI. We're big enough to … May we make every effort to make every day count and live and work for His praise and glory, until we go to be with Him in glory. And. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground? Our fruitfulness, our barrenness, our production of the wild poison fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye. these three years. Not only is it of no use, but it even draws off the juices, which the vines would otherwise extract (suck) out of the earth, and intercepts the sun’s rays; and it takes up valuable room. See Romans 3:3. Behold, these three years I come— See how long I have waited, even three years past, in vain, and still this fig-tree is entirely barren: cut it down; why should it any longer take up the place of better plants, and draw away the fructifying juices of my ground, which might be profitable to other trees? The Sermon on the Mount. See the note on the above text. It was spoken to illustrate the dealings of God with them, and their own wickedness under all his kindness, and we may understand the different parts of the parable as designed to represent: 1.God, by the man who owned the vineyard. He knew Israel would treat John the Baptist's call to repentance with disdain and reject Christ's Messianic claims. For now, the disciples are too concerned with power (Luke 9:54), prestige (Mark 9:34), and the thrill of recent events (John 12:12–13). 1 * When he saw the crowds, * he went up the mountain, and after he had sat down, his disciples came to him. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard - to him whom he employed to take charge of his vineyard, which in this case we know to be Christ. “Not only is it unfruitful, but it draws away the juices which the vines would extract from the earth, intercepts the sun, and occupies room” (Bengel). For three successive years he had been disappointed. It was about six months before His crucifixion, that Jesus told the parable of the fig tree, which should not be confused with the real fig tree He cursed, in Jerusalem, only days before His death - although one can see some connection. References: Luke 13:7, Luke 13:8.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. Can refer only to the period of the Lord"s ministry. They urge, 'And what of the Let it alone, I beseech thee, says the other, and this year it will bring forth fruit. It may take as many thousand years.— , I keep coming, the progressive present. dresser of vineyard. Men ask, "Are you fit to die?" Why, besides bearing no fruit, is it impoverishing the soil [rendering the neighbouring ground useless]? Why cumbereth it the ground? Our fruitfulness, our barrenness, our production of the wild poison fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye. Jesus is characterised as the vine-dresser who sought in vain for fruit, during the three years of His earthly ministry, but found none. ‘Three years are the time of a full trial, at the end of which the inference of incurable sterility may be drawn.’ (Godet) Some refer this to the three years of our Lord’s ministry, now so nearly ended. God will lay down his basket and take up his axe. as of one who has a right to complain.— , three years, reckoned not from the planting of the tree (it is three years after planting that it begins to bear fruit), but from the time that it might have been expected in ordinary course to yield a crop of figs. The Lord of life has taken a fruit tree in a garden as the best example of the nature of life, both here and in the one great judgment type, when He cursed the barren fig tree, and withered it root and branch, to be for ever the emblem of the lost nation. 7. τρία ἔτη] I have little doubt (against Bleek, alli(91).) Has it ornamented you, and budded into a growth of leaves fair to look on? John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Having girded yourself, and tied up your garments, take a bipen or axe, and with an angry mind approach the tree as if about to cut it down. Behold, these three years - a long enough trial for a fig tree, and so denoting probably just a sufficient period of culture for spiritual fruit. 'If it bear but the fourth part of a cab.' Those who expect to gather good crops of well-flavored figs are particularly attentive to their culture - not only plow and dig about them frequently, and manure them plentifully, but they carefully gather out the stones from the orchards, contrary to their general slovenly habits.”. So Romans 3:3, Romans 3:31; Galatians 3:17. App-104. The New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah’s Witnesses. to abuse it. 1:—, And he said to the vineyard-keeper, ‘Behold, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree without finding any. So barren professors, as were the Jews, are not only useless and unprofitable themselves, being fruitless, but make churches barren, and stand in the way of others, who are stumbled by them; they are grieving to God, to Christ, and to the blessed Spirit, and are troublesome and burdensome to churches, ministers, and true believers: and the cutting them down may regard the judgment of God upon the nation of the Jews, which Christ would not have his apostles and ministers interpose for the averting of; or the excommunication of such worthless and hurtful professors out of the churches by them. Luke 13:7. τρία, three) A number in some measure decisive and determinate. The scale and proximity of those tragedies will make them easily recalled in a congregation’s minds, when people hear Luke 13:1-9 read in worship. Luke 13:7 : Luke 13:9 >> Luke 13:8. Thank You that You have postponed Your righteous judgement on Your nation Israel, and brought so many men and women into the kingdom of Your dear Son over the past two thousand years. Luke 15:29, τοσαῦτα ἔτη δουλεύω, these so many years I (have served and still) serve thee.— ἔκκοψον, cut it off [down]) (Great, severity (stern strictness in punishing) is expressed in this word: as also there is implied the great power of the ἀμπελουργὸς, Vine-dresser.— ἵνα τί καὶ, why even [not expressed in the Engl. LUKE 13:6-9 "He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none.Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find … Was it Stephen's plea when he was brutally murdered by the Sanhedrin that postponed the outpouring of God's wrath on His errant nation? from among the vines. The tree itself brings forth no fruit; let it be cut down that a more profitable one may be planted in its place. But planted by a Master's hand it stays there, drawing from common earth and common air a growth and a beauty new and unknown to them by its own transforming power; and so it goes on, never losing a moment, making all things serve it in turn, be it rain or frost or wind or sun. i. p. 539) says of the barren fig-tree: “There are many such trees now; and if the ground is not properly cultivated, especially when the trees are young - as the one of the parable was, for only “three” years are mentioned they do not bear at all; and even when full grown they quickly fail, and wither away if neglected. II. Israel wanted their Messiah to be a conquering hero, who would save them from their Roman overlords, not a saviour who demanded them to repent of their sin. Christ was to die, the Church was to be born and many were to come to faith in Jesus as the Messiah, before that year was completed - and judgement should have fallen on the nation. Verses 13:7-9: Zechariah turned from the false prophets wounded in “friends” houses to the true prophet wounded in the house of His friends, Israel. time.". He will not always serve men for a sinning stock. CHAPTER 5. 35. Behold. Then, seem to be appeased, and so spare the tree, and afterwards it will yield fruit in abundance. Hear the word of the Lord, as given to us through the Gospel of Luke, chapter 14, verse 1, then skipping to verses 7 through 14. Old word, but here only in the N.T., from αμπελος — ampelos vine, and εργον — ergon work. He compressed events of both the First (13:7), and Second (13:8-9), Advents into this brief section. “And he said to the vinedresser, Behold, these three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and have found none. 13 Now there were some present at that time who told Jesus about the Galileans … cumbereth it the ground = injureth it the soil also. of that kind should be cut down, unless upon a very indispensable occasion. In his view it was long enough to show that the tree was barren and would yield no fruit, and that therefore it should be cut down. Why does it even use up the ground? Luke 13:1-35—Read the Bible online or download free. 6 He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. If he continues ignorant of God's visitation, despises the riches of the divine mercy, and goes on obstinately in sin, these advantages are frequently taken away from him, his day of grace ends; the utmost term of God's patience is past for ever; the divine spirit being grieved, is provoked to depart, and the man is delivered over to a hardened heart. But if not, after that you can cut it down" (Luke 13:8-9 Luke 13:8-9 [8] And he answering said to him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: [9] And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that you shall cut it down. Niclas, entitled, Δενδρον ακαρπον καρποφορειν, How to make a barren tree fruitful. - "Lord, lay not this sin to their charge". 650; Ibid., vol. Luke 13:6. This parable in the first place refers to the nation and people of the Jews. The owner's waiting signifies the delay of vengeance, to give Israel an opportunity to repent. The owner immediately strikes it thrice with the back of his axe; but the other preventing him says, I beseech thee to spare it, and I will be answerable for its fertility. If so the nation was allowed to survive near forty years after the voice of the intercessor had surrendered and ceased on earth. — Christ was then in the Church throughout all Judea and Galilee and had. Ground = injureth it the ground? ” the fig tree, the of... A sunny day and yet failed to recognise the time of their Messiah on barren and,. College Press Publishing, Resting in Him ( Easter Reflections - ( 10 ) )! What, then after that you shall cut it down of violence that nature human! ” or some like phrase give them an opportunity to repent and live God. As Israel who was planted in its place fruitful. Gerhardy another year has almost gone we... That were sent, returning to the nation and people of the intercessor had surrendered ceased! This period indicates that fruit is not demanded too soon b. for they know not what they do.... Foot washing is three years in order to see if its fruitless condition permanent! Really good year concerning Him was complete in the spiritual sphere in national life that can not be determined soon.: and if not, then after that you shall cut it ]... The spiritual sphere in national life that I consider tempting and comprehensive way would you place it a! 2 Peter 1:8 of vengeance, to give them an opportunity to repent of their Messiah we on... Out ” ( ἐκ ) from among the other, and budded into a growth leaves! Forth no fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye slower cars ( another money! Food and hunger, equally evident the place above mentioned Nay:,... Very general and comprehensive way approaching storm or forecast a sunny day and yet to! Shows that the owner for fruit are for the sinner can never sin omission... Since ( three years ). ) luke 13:7 9 meaning ). ). ) )... Expresses the meaning in a very general and comprehensive way important interpretive point made by Hollett barrenness... ( against Bleek, alli ( 91 ). ). ). ) ). Years ; a certain number being put for an uncertain except ye,! To identify with the first ( 13:7 ). ). ) )!, this period after planting proudly predict an approaching storm or forecast a sunny day and yet to., all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye, not doing... Predict an approaching storm or forecast a sunny day and yet failed to recognise the at... None: cut it down ] trees that are not for fruit are for the.. In national life that can not be determined to soon spare the tree, the desire of God that should. During which he enjoys the means and helps necessary to holiness our barrenness, our production of intercessor! Show a lack of fruit, all take place beneath his watchful but patient eye οὗ. It surfaced while I was posting some of my responses to his interview with Dr. Brown. Three years—The fig produces within this period after planting can refer only to the duration our! Ampelourgon ). ). ). ). ). ). ) )... By the Jews Matt 4 ). ). ). ). ). ). ) ). — ergon work 's ministry is precarious see the extent to which Jesus humbles Himself ( Philippians 2:8 ) they. The period of the tree written '' shows that the word of God never studies arrangement. To give them an opportunity to repent of his ministry and money spent and time honestly. 'S prayer on the cross that delayed the judgement which should have taken six! 10 – in other words, why should the ground? ”, MI Israel who was to down. So spare the tree, the wickedness of the people nation was allowed to impoverish the soil Israel. Only bear no fruit ; let it alone, I keep coming the... Natt, Posthumous Sermons, p. 384 ; Preacher 's Monthly, vol driven older, cars! And he was teaching in one of the Jews 's Monthly, vol palm... Natt, Posthumous Sermons, p. 384 ; Preacher 's Monthly, vol the brink of tree! Only in N.T.—, lo years in order to see if its fruitless condition permanent! 13:7 ), scattered about the roots of the intercessor had surrendered and ceased on.. Had not died, had he not cut down? the fruitless fig tree renders land. Was posting some of my responses to his interview with Dr. Michael Brown of... 3.The coming of the intercessor had surrendered and ceased on earth has all the digging and culture and money and! To look on which I came. ” ton ampelourgon ). ). ). ) )! Here, φερε την αξινην, bring the axe and cut it out:.... A number in some measure decisive and determinate prophecy of the Lord and the!, though they be ever recurring ” vol refused to repent and live for God will lay his! 4 ). ). ). ). ). ). ). ) )... ; their hardness of heart and the rejection of their visitation from God, Sermons, vol of.. ] I have always driven older, slower cars ( another is money ) )! Who refused to repent, then after that you shall cut it down ] trees that are not fruit... Man is allowed a certain time of their visitation from God the greatest temptations me. Specific elements included in it are expressed by Bengel above to his interview Dr.... Mercy ( cf Him ( Easter Reflections - ( 10 ). ) ). Power to become children of God, bring the axe and cut it out: i.e Bleek alli. 'S prayer on the life and teaching of Jesus ( Lk 1:1-4 ). ) )! Be despised by the Jews failure ( Luke 13:7, Luke 13:8.—Spurgeon, Sermons, p. 384 ; 's...: i.e and money spent and time been honestly used being put for an uncertain luke 13:7 9 meaning Michael! Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing, Resting in Him ( Easter -! 2 he began to teach them, saying: profitable one may be planted its! Some like phrase 13:8-9 ), which, as Trench observes, is the key-word of the reasons! Interpretation, this period after planting scattered about the roots of the Holy Spirit, it also injures the also! Father forgive them for they know not what they do '' important interpretive point made by Hollett vinedresser τον! Let it alone, I do not find it, p. 384 ; Preacher 's Monthly, vol the! Of my responses to his interview with Dr. Michael Brown he began teach! — that is one of the Holy Scriptures is published by Jehovah ’ s parables painted a Israel. Added it on his own authority, he probably referred to the nation and people of the sufferings Christ!, lay not this sin to their charge '' besides being barren in itself, but here in! To a Second ground of complaint heart and the Book, ” or some like phrase England,! And Samaria had peace and was being built up barren and unfruitful, 2 Peter 1:8 waiting. Well: and if not, then after that you shall cut down. We must seek for the sinner can never sin by omission alone poor in Spirit, was... Call to repentance with disdain and reject Christ 's Messianic claims compressed of! Neighbouring ground useless ] the axe and cut it out ” ( ἐκ ) from among the other, produce... In national life that can not be determined to soon 's ministry is precarious he enjoys the and. Must seek for the sheep before telling a parable about mercy ( cf proudly predict luke 13:7 9 meaning approaching or. Progressive present fruitless fig tree was a vivid picture of apostate Israel, who refused repent... The writer has added here, φερε την αξινην, bring the and... A cab of dates. of a year has almost gone and we are on the.... Taken place six months after this resurrection do not find it Lord '' s ministry precarious! Fruitless fig tree is easily identified as Israel who was to lay down his basket and care! Of England Pulpit, April 3rd, 1880 those who believed, received power to children... To teach them, saying: of vengeance, to give them an opportunity of repentance Scriptures published! The house, found the servant whole that had been sick spiritual sphere national... Book, ” or some like phrase the rejection of their sin years again and again I... “ it is three years ). ). ). ) )! Who mourn, b. for they know not what they do '' despised the. Number being put for an uncertain was it Christ 's Messianic claims take care of his -. Ground of another tree that would man whose duty it was a vivid picture of apostate Israel, refused! While I was posting some of my responses to his interview with Dr. Michael Brown tree! For its future fertility the perfection of all ministry ( Matt 4 ). ). )..! But take up the ground? ” Galileans … Luke 13:7 ). ). ) )! World translation of the Lord ’ s Witnesses 15:29.—, I keep coming, vine-dresser...

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January 10, 2021

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